Children are sold for the purposes of sexual exploitation, begging, soliciting, or for forced marriages. They risk themselves in construction work, working in factories, or are employed as domestic servants. Children are given for a substantial sum of money to parents waiting to adopt. The sale of child organs is more and more frequent. To escape their living conditions, some children are ready to sell one of their kidneys for money. The sale of organs represents between 5% and 10% of kidney transplants performed in the world each year.
Today, many solutions are possible to put an end to child trafficking:
Awareness campaigns through television and radio as well as educational workshops must be carried out to limit this scourge. Access to information is crucial, and families must know the risks involved in trafficking.
Strengthening the Law Enforcement System
Countries must create and enforce laws aiming to fight against trafficking. International legal instruments relating to child trafficking are forgotten and often poorly enforced by national governments. The more punishments incurred for trafficking, the more traffickers will hesitate before acting.
Observance and Cooperation
It is important that militaries effectively control and observe their borders in order to ensure effective prevention. Effective international cooperation is also important: child trafficking networks often extend well beyond the borders of a country. Source: Humanium